A Sunda pangolin at Cuc Phuong National Park, Vietnam

Due to the pangolin’s status as one of the world’s biggest and most traveled non-human animals, its title has become popular. Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners have long eaten pangolin, which is now popular in China & Vietnam. Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine hold their flesh and claws in high regard.

Pangolins are a diverse family with eight distinct subspecies. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) deems all four pangolins in Asia at risk of extinction, which includes the Asian pangolins (IUCN). Four pangolins in Africa are endangered: ground pangolin, huge pangolin, white-bellied pangolin, and black-bellied pangolin. All sorts of plants and animals are harmed by illegal commerce. Trade in pangolins has been outlawed as part of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) this year, according to CITES members (CITES).

This protein is also present in hair, nails, and horns and is responsible for the bulk of a pangolin’s scales’ structure. Since the beginning, traditional Chinese medicine has used pangolin scales to treat various disorders, from lactation issues to arthritis. After drying out and grinding, scales are commonly used in manufacturing tablets.

Poachers and traffickers have long targeted Asian animals as a prime target for their operations. Wildlife traffickers are targeting Pangolins from Africa because of their shrinking number. Authorities in Singapore intercepted 14.2 tonnes of pangolin scales from Nigeria in one week in April 2019. They believed that 72,000 of those scales were confiscated. Securing thus many pangolin scales in a single week set new records.

Traits and behaviors.

Pangolins are most active at night when they are most active as solitary creatures. Nocturnal habits help to explain this. Black-bellied pangolins, particularly, are well-known for their prowess in scaling tree trunks and branches.

Large housecats, which can grow four feet long, are the most common cat breed. These animals were named “scaly anteaters” because of the keratin scales covering the bulk of their bodies, a protein also found in human fingernails. In the case of a threat, they have a gland near the base of their tails that secretes an offensive-smelling substance. They use this as a defensive measure.

Using their large snouts and lengthy tongues, pangolins eat their prey by digging into the nests of ants and termites, which they do with their powerful claws. They might close their noses and ears as they feed to keep ants out of their bodies.

Although they may look like anteaters and armadillos to the untrained eye, pangolins are more closely related to bears, cats, and canines. In Africa and Southeast Asia, pangolins may be found.

Pangolins only form social groups when they are actively reproducing, such as during mating and giving birth to the young. There are several instances where male pangolins stay with their young until they are old enough to leave the burrow alone. It takes roughly three months for newborns to wean themselves from their mothers since their skin is still soft and malleable.

By the time they are two years old, they are sexually mature.